Concussions in Youth

A concussion is a mild brain injury with potentially serious consequences if reinjury occurs or a period of mental and physical rest is not observed. Recovery from a concussion requires patience after returning to  school and resuming mental tasks. While most concussions resolve within ten days, recovery time can take several weeks in some cases.

The American Academy of Pediatrics estimates 1.1 to 1.9 million sports-related concussions occur every year in youth sports, resulting in 377,978 office visits and up to 166,929 emergency visits. According to the Cleveland Clinic, vehicle accidents, falls, and sports injuries are common causes of concussions

What is a concussion?

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention defines a concussion as an injury to the brain that impacts the way it functions. It occurs as a result of a sudden jolt that may or may not result in unconsciousness

The jolt can be a blow to the head or a sudden shaking motion, such as in car accidents. A concussion occurs when the brain moves inside the skull, hits the skull, and becomes injured. According to the Mayo Clinic, falling is the most common cause of concussions.

Traumatic Brain Injuries in Youths

Although a concussion is described as a mild brain injury, all brain injuries should be taken seriously, including concussions. Children and youths respond differently to brain injuries than adults. Traumatic brain injuries are the leading cause of death and disability in children, according to the Japan Neurological Society.

Concussions and Sports

 The figure above is a visual abstract displaying the findings of the report which suggest that students who play on team sports are at a higher risk for concussion than students who do not play on a sports team; playing on more than one team may further increase risk.

Brain injury is the leading cause of sports injury deaths, according to Stanford Children’s Hospital. Sports injuries account for 21 percent of traumatic brain injuries. Nearly 50 percent of sports-related injuries occur during bicycling, skateboarding, and skating events.

Do I Have Concussion?

If you have sustained a head injury and are exhibiting symptoms of a concussion, you must seek medical attention immediately.

Brain injury experts from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have listed several symptoms and observable behaviors that signify a possible concussion. Although you should never attempt to diagnose a concussion on your own, your answers to the questions in this survey can indicate a concussion

if you have a

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